Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal <p>You are welcome to the maiden edition of the Federal Polytechnic Ilaro – Journal of Pure<br />and Applied Sciences (FEPI-JOPAS) an official publication of the School of Pure and<br />Applied Science of the Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Ogun State.<br />JOPAS embraces all the areas of pure and Applied Sciences and encourages<br />interdisciplinary collaboration among our Scientist and Technologist in Nigeria and<br />Abroad.<br />The vision of JOPAS is to serve as a medium for showering scientist and Technologies<br />research outputs, also for development and advancement of science and Technology in<br />Nigeria.<br />It is high time we started thinking of need driven research that will assist us in solving our<br />peculiar problems.</p> en-US Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2714-2531 FEPI-JOPAS VOLUME 3 ISSUE I: TABLE OF CONTENTS https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/21 <p>This is an index of articles published in FEPI-JOPAS VOLUME 3 ISSUE I; JUNE 2021 EDITION</p> ESTHER ODUNTAN Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 3 1 FEPI-JOPAS VOLUME 3 ISSUE I: FOREWORD https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/22 <p>This is from the Chief Editor Desk</p> ESTHER ODUNTAN Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 3 1 Innovative Technology on Light Traffic Control System. https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/6 <p>The movement of motorists at junctions could be controlled by traffic light control, which is a form of artificial control<br>system. Vehicular traffic, which is the movement of vehicles across junctions on the road, could be controlled<br>effectively using this electronic traffic control system development, for T-junctions, to avert accidents on these<br>junctions. In developed states, artificial traffic control has been a great success in this part of the world due to their<br>attitudes to the use of roads. On the part of the developing states, like Nigeria and allied, with their peculiar motorists<br>such as the on-lookers, wearied, fatigued and slumbered motorists, have made the electronics light control system<br>ineffective in some cases in relation to its objectives. This work takes care of this inefficiency by designing and<br>developing a solar powered electronics light traffic system which incorporates an innovative sound system which comes<br>on the same time with the “READY TO GO” light in the traffic light system, to alert the indiscipline, slumbered,<br>wearied and on-looker motorists in this peculiar environment in order to allow for smooth running in the traffic system.<br>The prototype construction of this work finds application at the Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Ogun State, Nigeria.</p> Joseph, E.A. Adebanji, S.A. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 1 7 Effect of Inclusion of Different Nitrogen Sources in Various Substrates on Growth Performance of Mushroom (Pleurotus Plumonarius) https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/8 <p>Indian mushroom (Pleurotus plumonarius) is a widely consumed mushroom due to its nutritional, medicinal and<br />potential commercial value. In Nigeria, the fungus is grown presently on sawdust and rice husk. This study evaluated the effectiveness of addition of various nitrogen sources to different substrates on mushroom growth performance. The experiment consisted of forty-eight samples in which three substrates (Melina tree sawdust, waste paper and corncob) were supplemented with five different percent (0 -12.5 %) of nitrogen sources (urea, wheat bran and moringa leaves) at interval of 2.5 %. Growth parameters such as spawn run, pin head formation time, pileus diameter, stripe length, total yield and biological efficiency were determined using standard methods. Results indicate that waste paper substrates especially 5 % moringa leaves supplementation, exhibited the best growth performance compared to the other substrates, in terms of spawn run, pin head appearance, pileus diameter, stripe length, yield and biological efficiency. Melina sawdust substrates were the least performing substrates. Inclusion of nitrogen sources improve the Pleurotus plumonarius growth parameters in all the substrates, until a threshold after which the effect of such addition may result in poor growth and contamination.</p> Ilelaboye N.O. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 08 13 MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF “SHAWARMA” A READY TO EAT STREET FOOD IN IGBESA, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/7 <p>The quality of “sharwama”, a ready-to-eat food sold in Igbesa metropolis, Ogun state was assessed for possible<br>bacterial contamination. Hundred and twenty shawarma samples were obtained from four different sites which<br>include food service centers and roadside vendors. The samples were prepared and analyzed using standard<br>procedures. The mean counts of heterotrophic isolates, coliform, Staphylococcus and Salmonella Shigella ranged<br>from 20 x 104 to 40 x 104<br>cfu/g, 10 x 103<br>to 18 x 103<br>cfu/g, 10 x 104<br>to 15 x 104<br>cfu/g and 14 x 103<br>to 21 x 103<br>cfu/g<br>respectively. Eight bacterial genera that include Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa,<br>Klebsiella spp., Enterobacter spp., Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., and Proteus spp. were isolated from the food<br>samples. The presence of enteric organisms and Staphylococcus aureus in the samples showed a high rate of<br>contamination which might be as a result of bad food handling practices and faecal contamination from the<br>processors. Enforcement of sanitary and hygienic measures during processing and packaging of ready-to-eat food<br>should be done.</p> Ogunkoya, W. A Sholotan K. J. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 14 21 A Robust Prediction Model for Candidate’s Admission using Fletcher-Reeves (FR) Conjugate Gradient Method https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/9 <p>Selection of prospective candidates to a higher institution of learning based on candidate’s choice of course of study is now becoming a herculean task, particularly when the carrying-capacity of two hundred and fifty–six higher<br />institutions in Nigeria cannot admit over one million eligible candidates seeking admission yearly. Several works<br />have been done in the past using Nave Bayes algorithm, Decision trees, K-Means algorithm, Random Forest and<br />other Machine learning algorithms to predict Candidate’s admission to higher institutions. Previous methods were<br />confronted with pockets of shortcomings. These include required lengthy offline/batch data training, unable to learn incrementally or interactively in real-time, poor transfer of learning ability, and non-reusability or integration of modules etc. In this paper, a machine learning model was implemented using Fletcher-Reeves Conjugate Gradient algorithm to predict candidates’ selection into a higher institution of their choice. The algorithm was implemented using python programming language. The algorithm was found to perform better than the Gradient Method with 89% prediction accuracy compared to 83% prediction accuracy of the gradient method.</p> <p><br /><strong>Keywords:Candidate’s Admission, Neural Networks, Optimization Algorithm, Prediction Model</strong></p> Ogunyinka T. K Dada I. D. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 22 31 Modeling Mode Of Childbirth Delivery Using Dummy Dependent Variable Models https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/10 <p>In many applications, the dependent variable is nominal or ordinal, thereby, standard linear model is not suitable for modeling such dependent variables. Mode of delivery is nominal; it is either by spontaneous vaginal delivery or by caesarean section (CS). This study then investigates factors affecting mode of delivery using binary dummy dependent models. Data on mode of delivery and risk factors such as Mother’s age (years), child's sex, child's weight (kg), child's length (cm), child's head circumference (cm) and mode of delivery were collected from State Hospital Ota, Ogun State over a period of eight months in order to identify factors that affect mode of delivery. Binomial logistic and probit regression models were fitted into the data to determine the preferred model for the analysis of mode of delivery. AIC was used to determine the competence of the models. Probit model with the lower AIC was found to be more adequate for the data and was used to identify the factors affecting mode of delivery. The result showed that maternal age and child’s weight have significant effects on the probability of having a child through CS. Also, children with head circumference less than 35 cm are less likely to deliver via CS than those with head circumference between 20-35 cm, though not significant. It is recommended that the health practitioners should take cognizance of the factors affecting mode of delivery as identified by this research work.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: Binomial logistic regression, Caesarean section, Probit regression, Risk factors, Vaginal delivery</strong></p> <p><br />for the data and was used to identify the factors affecting mode of delivery. The result showed that maternal age and<br />child’s weight have significant effects on the probability of having a child through CS. Also, children with head<br />circumference less than 35 cm are less likely to deliver via CS than those with head circumference between 20-35 cm,<br />though not significant. It is recommended that the health practitioners should take cognizance of the factors affecting<br />mode of delivery as identified by this research work.</p> <p><br /><strong>Keywords: Binomial logistic regression, Caesarean section, Probit regression, Risk factors, Vaginal delivery</strong><br /><br /></p> Aako O. L. Are S. O. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 32 37 Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Terminalia catappa Bark Extract and Its Antibacterial Activity https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/11 <p>In this study, a simple, inexpensive, environmentally friendly and green synthesis was utilised to synthesise silver<br />nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Terminalia catappa bark extract (TC-AgNPs). The factors which determine the<br />biosynthesis of these nanoparticles which include, concentration, time and temperature were determined and optimised. However, this study only optimised the effect of time and temperature at a constant concentration of 0.01 M Ag + concentration of extract; 10 g/L (1% w/v). The optimum conditions (time and temperature) for the biosynthesis were; time, 80 minutes and temperature, 60oC. The characterisation of the biosynthesised Terminalia catappa silver nanoparticles (TC-AgNPs) were carried out using UV-Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy at a wavelength range of 300 to 800 nm, fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The antibacterial activity was investigated against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). This study reveals that AgNPs was successfully synthesised from Terminalia catappa and the synthesised AgNPs showed inhibitionagainst the E. coli and S. aureus.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: Antibacterial activity, green synthesis, silver nanoparticles, Terminalia catappa</strong></p> Abiaziem C.V. Ojelade I. A. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 38 44 Magnetohydrodynamic Radiative Casson Fluid Motion Past a Convectively Heated and Slippery Non-linear Permeable Stretching Plate https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/12 <p>This study examines the impact of thermal radiation with convective heating on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), <br />incompressible and viscous flow of non-Newtonian Casson fluid along a non-linear permeable stretched device. In <br />engineering and manufacturing operations such as hot rolling, textile and paper processing, plastic and rubber sheet manufacturing, the assessment of an electroconductive fluid movement along a permeable stretching surface is commonly applicable. A relevant similarity transformation has been employed to transmute the non-linear differential system with its associated boundary conditions from partial to ordinary differential equations. Afterwards, shooting technique alongside Runge-Kutta method of order four was applied to obtain numerical solutions to the set of the transport equations. Validation of the generated results with past data in the literature in respect of skin friction coefficients and Nusselt number demonstrated great agreement under limiting situations. Likewise, the reactions of disparate emerging terms as regards to the velocity and temperature profiles are propounded and depicted in graphical forms. The findings of this study are that the fluid motion can be reduced by raising magnetic field and Casson fluid parameters whereas the heat transfer can be improved by a hike in thermal buoyancy force and Prandtl number.</p> Omotola E. O. Fatunmbi E.O . Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 45 55 Assessment of Rectifying Effects of Various Diodes in Power Supply Units Using Multisim Circuit Design Software Programme https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/13 <p>A power supply unit which consists of transformer (whose voltage regulated to Low Voltage Direct Current of 5v)<br>with the arrangement of diodes as full-wave bridge rectifiers was set up on Multisim circuit design software. The<br>voltage readings of eight (8) different diodes were taken before and after rectification to measure their AC and DC<br>response output respectively. Measurements of each diode were taken on the Multisim Circuit Design software<br>multimeter and oscilloscope. The result shows that the maxima and minima points on DC curve were 5.478v for<br>transient voltage suppressor and -32.029v for silicon controlled rectifiers respectively. The points of inflexion<br>ranging between 4v to 5v showed the arrangement of the best response of other rectifiers in the descending order</p> Olowosebioba A.A Odunaike R.K Akingbade F.S. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 3 1 56 66 A Fingerprint Based Biometric Attendance System for Eliminating Examination Malpractices with Enhanced Notification https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/14 <p>The role of attendance in the integrity of examinations in higher institutions of learning cannot be overemphasized.<br />Also, attendance lays more credence to the authenticity of the conduct of examination. The traditional attendance is<br />limited in a number of ways due to its non-interactivity and it is subject to manipulation. This paper presents a<br />Fingerprint Based Biometric Attendance System for Eliminating Examination Malpractices with Enhanced Notification (BASEMEN). BASEMEN uses biometric technology based on students’ fingerprints that ensures dynamic updates of legitimate students’ records. This means that only qualified students would be allowed to sit and write the examination. The notification subsystem reports match/mismatch of the registered students’ fingerprints appropriately. BASEMEN was implemented in Framework7.css (for interface design) using HTML/CSS and PHP/MYSQL. jQuery Ajax was used to send request to PHP using Cross Domain. A combination of PHP/MYSQL (to process the request sent by jQuery Ajax and serves as the backend that communicate with database). The proposed system was tested in a tertiary institution. The result showed that BASEMEN effectively reduced the case of examination malpractices vis-à-vis impersonation, masquerading etc and eliminated the stress of manual examination attendance and record keeping.</p> Olujimi O.O. Aderemi T. A. Taiwo K. O Adeleke O. A. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 67 74 Assessment of Nutritional Status of School Age Children (5-12 Years) in Selected Private Primary Schools in Ilaro Metropolis Ogun State. Nigeria. https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/15 <p>Under nutrition among school age children is a serious public health problem which affects their overall growth and<br />development. Continuous evaluation of the problem will help in reducing it prevalence. This study assessed the<br />nutritional status of school age children (5-12years) in selected private primary schools in Ilaro, Ogun state, Nigeria. A multistage random sampling technique was used in selecting two hundred and fifty (250) respondents using a regular interval from the school register. Questionnaire was used to collect data on socio demographic characteristics, anthropometry (Height and Weight) measurement of the respondents were taken using a standard procedure and values obtained was compared with the reference standard and their anthropometric indies were computed using WHO Anthroplus software. Data obtained on socio demographic characteristics were subjected to descriptive statistics using SPSS v20.0.Result reveals that majority of the school aged children are male (51.6%), aged between 10-12 years (56.8%) , majority of the school aged children are from Christian background (78%) and Yoruba (86.7%). Under the class variable, half of the pupils (50.4%) were in primary four and from a monogamous home, 44,8% earns between ₦20- ₦50 as pocket money. The mean height of the male (2.91) respondent was higher than that of female (1.95) respondent while the mean weight of female (31.22) respondent was higher than that of male (30.51) respondents but the difference was not significance (P &lt; 0.05). The nutritional status assessment shows that half of the respondents have normal nutritional status while high prevalence of underweight, stunting and overweight was observed in the rest of the respondents. Conclusively, half of the school age children in private primary school in the Ilaro are suffering from malnutrition.</p> Alaba K. E. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 75 80 Virtual Laboratory: An Alternative Laboratory for Science Teaching and Learning https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/16 <p>The challenges that face our educational system today can be traced to inadequate funding which is now being<br />contested by growing demands for education at different levels and in every part of the nation than ever before. Most conspicuous of these accumulated and mounting glitches is the lack of or inadequate learning facilities. This study observed the state of learning resources in our schools most especially the Science and Technology speciality<br />reminiscence of inadequate funding of laboratory. There is need to provide an education that takes learners beyond<br />reading and writing to acquisition of skills and attitude development that enable young scholars to learn, unlearn and relearn as the need arises through the provisions of new computer technologies such as virtual laboratory. The study explores reports of empirical studies on the use of virtual laboratory as a viable alternative and complementary mode to the traditional physical laboratory. The conclusion drawn asserts that virtual laboratory is truly capable of providing learners with the learning benefits that accrue from laboratory activities with less cost and risk. This study recommends that proprietors at all levels should embrace this new learning platform to provide a long-lasting remedy to the dearth created in the laboratory skills of our students.</p> Oladejo A. I. Ebisin A. F. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 82 90 Achieving Quality of Engineering Education and Training in Nigeria: The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro as a Case StudY https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/17 <p>This trend persists despite the availability of regulatory agencies and professional bodies in engineering for the<br />regulation of engineering education and training in these institutions. In order to establish the cause(s) of poor quality of engineering education, the various areas of monitoring the training which includes curriculum delivery, facilities and the faculty, stakeholders and industrial partnership must be examined. This paper, therefore, looks at the internal mechanism adopted by the authorities of The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro towards achieving the delivery of quality graduates and continuous accreditation of its academic programmes. The Quality Assurance Committee reports of the institution for five academic sessions together with the results from the study show that there is adequate attention to the provision of adequate minimum equipment needed for the effective running of engineering programmes. From the study, it became evident that the Quality Assurance Committee of the institution has a positive effect on the quality of engineering education and training in the institution. Therefore, it is concluded that all hands must be on deck for running a viable engineering education.</p> Awolola O.O. Sanni E.O. Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 92 97 Saw Millers Corporate Social Responsibilities and Returns to Marketing https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/18 <p>Over the years, corporate social responsibility is an idea that is rampant in business reporting and is used in<br />fulfilling the company’s responsibilities to their society. This study assessed the execution and effect of corporate<br />social responsibilities on the income realized from saw wood marketing among saw millers in Iseyin town of Oyo<br />State. A purposive sampling technique was used to select 115 saw millers. Well-structured questionnaires and<br />interview guides were used to obtain data from the respondents and the data were analyzed with descriptive analysis, profit margin, correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis. The Result shows a significant<br />relationship occurs between corporate social responsibilities and the income realized from sawn wood marketing (p<br />&lt; 0.05) and executing economic responsibility in their business will decrease the income realized from sawn wood<br />marketing. Also, gender, awareness of corporate social responsibility, agreed price, and improved well-being of the<br />peoples through laws from the host community were factors that influenced the execution of corporate social<br />responsibilities in the sawn wood business. Hence, saw millers are required to be enlightened through extension<br />agents that business success cannot be achieved with profit only</p> Muhammed-lawal A.A Lawal R.A. Ogunseitan T.O Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 98 107 Investigating the Prospect and Problems of the Hotels in Ilaro, Ogun State Nigeria. https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/19 <p>The study focused on investigating the prospect and challenges facing hotel using four selected hotels in Ilaro as study area. It is an empirical study whose major source of data was primary source through questionnaire which was conducted among 85 respondents. The major challenges faced by the hotel industry is lack of adequate financing, location, inadequate number of staff both skilled and unskilled which affects the efficient productivity of the hotel. These major problems may result to the hospitality industry not be able to meet up with the advancement in the level of technology thereby losing its brand and the level of patronage. Correlation and regression analysis was utilized to test the relevant hypothesis. It was found out from the study that challenges significantly influence the growth anddevelopment of hotel Industry; and also challenges have significant effect on efficiency and effectiveness of Hotel Industry. The study therefore recommends that Government should make policy which will encourage the growth of hotel industry in the state through tax reduction and making friendly policies that will favour the growth of hotel industry. The study concludes that if the challenges faced by the hotel industry are not tackled with it may lower the employment opportunity thereby bringing unemployment problem to the society.</p> Aneke F.O. Folalu A.A Copyright (c) 2021 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 3 1 108 112