Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences 2023-07-04T07:32:14+00:00 Dr. (Mrs.) O. E. Oduntan [email protected] Open Journal Systems <p>You are welcome to the Federal Polytechnic Ilaro – Journal of Pure<br />and Applied Sciences (FEPI-JOPAS) an official publication of the School of Pure and<br />Applied Science of the Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Ogun State.<br />FEPI-JOPAS embraces all the areas of pure and Applied Sciences and encourages<br />interdisciplinary collaboration among our Scientist and Technologist in Nigeria and<br />Abroad.<br />The vision of FEPI-JOPAS is to serve as a medium for showering scientist and Technologies<br />research outputs, also for development and advancement of science and Technology in Nigeria.<br />It is high time we started thinking of need driven research that will assist us in solving our peculiar problems.</p> AN EXPONENTIAL-PARETO DISTRIBUTION APPROACH TO IMPROVING RAW MATERIAL QUALITY 2023-07-02T10:50:16+00:00 A.O. Idowu [email protected] I.A. Ajibode [email protected] <p>This research investigates the use of the exponential-pareto distribution to improve raw material quality in cement production. Experienced researchers researched on the distribution and came up with the generalised form of the distribution. The weight of the raw components, aluminium, calcium, gypsum, iron, and silicon, was collected from 2007 to 2017. Using exponential pareto, average run lengths (ARL), control limit intervals (CLI), and process capability (CP) were calculated, and control charts were created. The investigation found that the control charts were statistically controlled, indicating that the distribution is effective. It was suggested that an exponential-pareto chart be used to control the quality of raw materials used in cement manufacture.</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences SIMULATION OF COMPOSITE WASTE MANAGEMENT METHOD FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF AGRICULTURAL YIELD 2023-07-02T10:30:57+00:00 O.A. Agbolade [email protected] J.L. Akinode [email protected] <p>The increasing amount of organic waste generated globally has prompted research into more sustainable waste management practices. One promising approach is to use waste composting to convert organic waste into nutrient-rich soil that can be used to enhance agricultural yield. This paper explores the simulation of waste composting as a means of optimizing the composting process and improving agricultural yield. Through computer modeling, various composting scenarios can be evaluated, such as the effect of different types and quantities of organic waste, temperature, moisture, and aeration on the final compost quality. The results of these simulations can be used to identify the optimal conditions for composting, which can then be applied in practice to produce high-quality compost. By utilizing waste composting for agricultural purposes, we can promote sustainable waste management practices, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase crop yields, leading to a more sustainable and food-secure future.</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences DEVELOPMENT OF MICROCONTROLLER BASED BODY MASS INDEX MACHINE 2023-07-02T11:17:57+00:00 T. O. Mathew [email protected] B. O. Jayeoba [email protected] <p>An essential diagnostic tool for monitoring body mass distribution with the associated health implications in humans is a Body Mass Index (BMI) machine. This widely used metric for body mass is derived from measuring human height and mass which its manual/orthodox determination is very tedious and prone to errors. This study developed a microcontroller based BMI machine for automatic, accurate, interactive monitoring means of human health. The system design was achieved through Proteus 8.9 electronic simulation application software and, the development was actualised through construction using soldering, fitting, and coupling of electronic components. Body mass load cell in a Wheatstone format with HX711 and ultrasonic based (HC_SR04 sensor) were utilised for capturing mass and height. The machine is controlled by Arduino microcontroller programmed in C language to calculate the BMI and provides confidential result (interpretation) through a dedicated SIM card of GSM Module SIM900L to a medical practitioner. The system automatically output user’s BMI parameters and value on a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and include BMI interpretation as text for medical diagnosis to a dedicated doctor’s line. The system was accurate, reliable and can be adopted as a screening tool for obesity and other related diseases</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences ASSESSMENT OF LEVEL OF PARTICIPATION IN RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, ILARO OGUN STATE 2023-07-02T11:07:32+00:00 A. Dawodu [email protected] S. Sholanke [email protected] <p><em>The</em> basic relevance of recreation makes it a very significant phenomena. Every society's sociocultural, economic, and physical development is significantly influenced by it. The benefits of recreation to people also include bettering their physical and mental health. In this paper, the level of recreational activity engagement at the Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, Ogun state is evaluated. The study used both secondary and primary data, which brought about increased understanding of the value of recreation. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the research, and 100questionnaires were used to gather data from the respondents. The respondents were drawn from the polytechnic's faculty, students, and visitors who frequently stopped by the campus to enjoy some of the recreational amenities. The results of this study showed that recreation is prioritized at Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, where a range of recreational facilities are available for use by the school personnel, students, and visitors who reside nearby. In addition, the study revealed majority of polytechnic residents have a tendency of routinely engaging in recreational activities, with most of them doing so at least three times each week while enjoying various recreational facilities on the school grounds. The research, however, clearly demonstrated that there are some factors that can discourage people from recreation. In Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, it was discovered that distance and financial constraints are some of the main barriers preventing people from engaging in recreational activities.</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CULTURAL DIVERSIFICATION TO TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN ILARO, OGUN STATE. 2023-07-02T10:57:07+00:00 A. S. Solanke [email protected] O. I. Tinuoye [email protected] <p>This research examines&nbsp;where cultural diversification is significant in tourism and analyzes how some cultural characteristics can be harnessed to leveraged development. Cultural tourism, spurred by changes in cultural awareness and visitor demands, though has seen substantial changes in recent years, conveying cultural values and fulfilling a diverse tourist population. The research used a descriptive survey methodology and a sample size of 70 people.&nbsp;The study's representative sample population of students, residents, government employees,&nbsp;interviews, and questionnaires were used to gather primary data. Tables were used to present the data so that the results could be understood at a glance.&nbsp;45.7%&nbsp;of respondents agreed that culture adds to tourism development&nbsp;in Ilaro. In comparison,&nbsp;14.3% strongly agreed,&nbsp;but lack of cultural awareness is most noticeable in the areas where the vast majorities are Yoruba tribe,&nbsp;Celebrations, festivals, customs, dressing, cuisines, and languages are the critical significance of cultural diversity, where history and values are essential to every culture and tourism. The study recommends that all cultural leaders and stakeholders should invest more in cultural tourism developments, sensitizing and educating people on the impact of culture on local and national development.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences ASSESSMENT OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF COMMERCIAL DRIVERS IN SELECTED OSHODI TERMINAL IN LAGOS STATE 2023-07-02T10:40:11+00:00 H.O. Adewunmi, [email protected] E.O Agwo [email protected] <p>Consumption of alcohol is prevalent among commercial drivers is a public health problem which has been of concern to the stakeholders. Therefore, this study examined dietary patterns, alcohol intake and nutritional status of commercial drivers at different motor parks in Oshodi Lagos state. Less than half (45.0%) of the respondents are between 31-40 years while 17.5% were between 21-30 years of age. Exactly 67.0% were Yoruba, 11.0% were Igbo while 2.2% were Hausa. Nearly 12.0% drove ordinary buses, while 44.5% of the drivers drove luxurious buses. Majority of the respondents (61.0%) earned above ₦90,000 monthly while 9.0% earned between ₦31,000- ₦60,000. Also, 24.5% were contacted in Terminal 1, while 25.0% and, 11.0% were contacted at Under-bridge park and Terminal 2 respectively. Above half (74.5%) ate thrice daily while 27.0% always skipped meals. Majority (76.5%) ate in-between meals while 23.5% did not. Above half (59.0%) ate snacks, ate fruits (7.0%), took juice (3.0%) while 5.0% ate food as in-between meals. Almost all consumed alcohol (85.5%) while 14.5% did not take alcohol. Almost half (45.5%) consumed alcohol frequently, (37.5%) took alcohol twice while (4.17%) took alcohol more than once. Also, 32.5% were heavy drinkers while 44.0% were mild drinkers. Nutritional status of the respondents showed that underweight, normal nutritional status, overweight and obese was 14.0%, 44.5%, 26.0% and 15.5% respectively. There was no significant association between Body Mass Index (BMI) and alcohol consumption pattern. Government should introduce nutrition mentoring program for all drivers.</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences ADDRESSING THE DESTRUCTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE LAGOS MEGACITY THROUGH SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPING 2023-07-02T11:21:31+00:00 O.A. Adetona [email protected] <p><em>With a population of 12.1 million people, Lagos is the world's 25th-largest metropolis. Lagos' population is predicted to grow to 15.8 million by 2025, putting it as the earth's 12th most populous city, thanks to an influx of around 6,000 new residents every day. In contrast to many other megacities, however, slums house more than half of the population. Pollution of the air and water, floods, mismanagement of trash, instability, and restricted access to critical facilities and city services are all outcomes of unfettered urban expansion. Lagos' economic significance has been recognized “it contributes more than 40 per cent of the national GDP”.</em><em> Nevertheless, the state administration has been challenged to address these issues through the "Lagos Mega City Area Development Program."</em><em> The “Lagos State Environmental Protection Agency” is one of the government bodies tasked with correcting environmental deterioration via landscaping. This study examines how to educate and organize citizens, as well as to construct landscaped areas, and stroller, bicycle and bicycle-friendly pathways and water flow.</em> <em>Numerous instances are provided to show how these activities have aided in the enhancement of living situations and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences SORPTION OF COMPETING HEAVY METALS ON LATERITE 2023-07-02T10:24:16+00:00 A.A. Oderinde [email protected] P. Diagboya [email protected] <p>Heavy metal pollution is a major concern for environmentalists. Competing ions affect the sorption of heavy metals onto the surfaces of soils. This study evaluated competitive adsorption of Cd, Cr, Pb, Cu and Zn from two laterite samples – Emuhu Laterite, LAEM and Abeokuta Laterite, LAAB, obtained from Nigeria. The equilibrium concentrations of heavy metals following adsorption using mixed metal solutions were determined. Laterite affinities for heavy metal adsorption were determined by means of selectivity sequences. The adsorption sequences obtained were Cu &gt; Pb &gt; Cr &gt; Zn &gt; Cd and Cu &gt; Cr &gt; Pb ≫ Zn &gt; Cd for LAEM and LAAB, respectively. Cr, Pb, Cu were strongly adsorbed by both soils. Adsorptions of the heavy metals on LAEM and LAAB fitted into the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm model, respectively. The results suggested that Emuhu Laterite, LAEM and Abeokuta Laterite, LAAB, can receive and hold Cr, Pb and Cu pollutants in solution. They can thus be recommended for remediation of the three metals from industrial waste effluents.</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences ATTITUDE OF SURVEYING PRACTITIONERS BASED ON PERCEIVED EASE AND USEFULNESS OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION 2023-07-02T11:12:53+00:00 A. Oduwole [email protected] D.O. Areh [email protected] <p>This study examines Nigerian surveyors’ attitudes and perceptions on the ease of use and usefulness of technological innovation using the Technology Acceptance Model and Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology. The manifests of the psychometric response scale questionnaires were converted into numbers through Microsoft Excel and then analyzed using structural equation modelling (SEM) in SmartPLS 3v. The population used for this research are mainly two categories of professionals within the states of Lagos, Ogun, and Oyo. A stratified random sampling was used to sample the eight-two (82) questionnaires returned. The measurement establishes the casual effect of the indicators and variables on the latent construct and the relationship between endogenous variables and exogenous variables. For this study, the model fit statistics were obtained where the standardized root mean square residual (SRMR) was 0.068, which was accepted as a good fit. The item loadings are well above 0.7, with the AVE above 0.5 as a measure of the effects. The construct reliability and validity have values higher than 0.7. As a result, attitude is influenced more by perceived usefulness than perceived ease of use. Two (2) hypotheses were tested, but only PUP-ATT was significant with a P-value of 0.000. PSP-ATT has a P-value of 0.4 on attitude. The results reveal the impact of perception on surveyors' attitudes toward using modern technology in their professional practice. This has limited the use of sophisticated surveying instruments and IT techniques to automate mapping processes by many practitioners.</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF ILLEGAL MOTOR PARKS AT SANGO OTA ROADS INTERSECTION, SANGO OTA, OGUN STATE 2023-07-02T11:01:38+00:00 O. O. Sodiya [email protected] <p>The assessment of the effects of illegal motor parks in the study area is necessitated due the manifestation of various environmental menaces.&nbsp; Two (2) areas of the illegal parking were Sango Ota road intersection – Abeokuta corridor (Motor Park A), and Sango Ota road intersection – Owode corridor (Motor Park B).&nbsp; A purposive sampling method was adopted, and a total of 60 transport operators, 75 commuters and 30 pedestrians were selected.&nbsp; Car has the highest number of vehicle plying the corridors &nbsp;with&nbsp; forty one (41%) , while an average of 9 vehicle is parked in Motor Park A within one hour with a parking concentration of an average of 77m<sup>2 </sup>, and for Motor Park B, 64 vehicle was recorded with a parking concentration of an average of&nbsp; 194m<sup>2 </sup>.&nbsp; Mini bus has the highest number of patronage&nbsp; in the two motor parks with a daily average of 319 commuters representing sixty two (62%) out of 514 commuters in Motor Park A, and 7061 commuters&nbsp; fifty nine (59%)&nbsp; out of 11908 commuters in Motor Park B, while fifty six (56%) of the commuters ( the highest)&nbsp; in Motor Park A attributed closeness and cheaper rate to the reason for the choice of the motor park,&nbsp; and fifty one (51%) of the commuters&nbsp; (the highest) in Motor Park B attributed only closeness for their reason for the choice.&nbsp; An average of 16 minutes is added to the travel time during the peak period of a working day, while an average of 24 minutes is added during the peak period on Saturday. Forty seven percent of the pedestrians of Motor Park A have experienced major conflict with vehicle, while sixty three 63% of the pedestrians of Motor Park B have experienced major conflict with vehicle and hawking leading to indiscriminating dumping of waste is identified as a resultant effect. Necessary recommendations were made towards the elimination of the illegal motor parks.</p> 2023-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences