INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON EMERGENT OF PARASITIC DISEASES: A REVIEW
Keywords:Parasitic diseases, resurgence, GIS, climate change, greenhouse effects
Emergency parasitic infections are linked to disruptions of previously stable microbiological equilibria brought on by different social and environmental actions carried out by humans, including climate change. Climate change, which always moves in one or two directions, either causes temperatures to rise or fall, which increases the activity of parasites, vectors, and their hosts. Other factors include global warming, population growth, military interference, and major population migration brought on by natural or man-made calamities. Whether diseases arise spontaneously or as a result of human intervention, each of these environmental factors affects the context and ecological balance in which disease hosts, vectors, and parasites thrive, develop, and disseminate. The re-emergence and emergence of parasite diseases depend on having a thorough understanding of their life cycle and the connections between several variables, including human behaviour and the environment. Critical or adequate monitoring, a campaign to create awareness of the impact or influence of tampering with these factors will drastically reduce the resurgence. Environmental and ecological changes must be made to lower the load of parasites and the danger of transmitted parasites as part of integrated approaches to the control of emerging illnesses. The development of geographic information systems (GIS) has made it possible to create "health maps" of surroundings and forecast the onset of vector-borne diseases, which are used in many nations as part of services and management of standard public health.