THE PERCEPTION OF SMALL-SCALE FARMERS ON THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON TOMATO YIELD IN IMEKO AFON LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • R.A. LAWAL
  • T.O. OGUNSEITAN,

Keywords:

Climate variability, small-scale farmers, tomato crop.

Abstract

ABSTRACT
The amount and quality of agricultural production, particularly the production of tomatoes, are directly and
frequently negatively impacted by climate variability. This study examined how small-scale farmers in Ogun
State's Imeko Afon Local Government Area perceived the impact of climatic variability on tomato productivity.
From 12 communities in the Local Government Area, 294 tomato farmers were chosen using a purposeful
sampling technique. Multiple linear regression models and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.
Data on climate variations that affect tomato yield and farmers' perceptions of those effects were collected using
well-structured questionnaires. Secondary data on climatic parameters and tomato yield from 1996 to 2015 were
obtained from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) and Ogun State Agricultural Development
Programme (OGADEP) to compare them with field source (primary source) on climate variation. The results
showed that temperature and climate moisture indices (CMI) positively impact tomato yield, while rainfall has a
negative impact and humid periods have no discernible influence. Small-scale farmers typically believe that
climate variation hurts tomato production because it affects the timing of the harvest, the stability of the planting
season, and the yield of tomatoes, according to 88.4, 77.1, and 68.0% of the respondents. Also, the primary and
secondary data on small-scale farmers’ perceptions of the effect of climate variation were significantly related.
As a result, climate variation has a severe impact on tomato production, resulting in low yields and significant
financial losses in the research area. Tomato producers need to be informed on and trained in several adaptation
techniques, including the use of green manure or organic manure and the planting of early- or late-maturing tomato
varieties, as well as the adoption of enhanced varieties that are drought-resistant.

Published

2024-01-05

How to Cite

LAWAL , R., & OGUNSEITAN, . T. (2024). THE PERCEPTION OF SMALL-SCALE FARMERS ON THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON TOMATO YIELD IN IMEKO AFON LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE, NIGERIA. Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Journal of Pure And Applied Sciences, 5(2), 1. Retrieved from https://fepi-jopas.federalpolyilaro.edu.ng/index.php/journal/article/view/109